A baler is a machine that manufacturers use to bind and compress different materials. Balers are capable of binding and pressing materials such as plastic, scrap cloth, garbage, and many other materials. Balers are commonly found in the consumer or retail industries, and they compress byproducts and waste to simplify recycling, storage, transportation, and handling. Businesses in the agricultural and farming industries use balers to compress harvested crops for feeding and transportation purposes.

Baler manufacturers produce balers that fulfill specialized purposes. Examples of such balers include metal balers, trash compactors, and cardboard balers. There are also heavy duty balers available that are used for applications that require a lot of pressure to compress. These balers are also known as baling presses or drum crushers. Round balers, which are used for creating hay bales, are commonly used in the agricultural industry.

For materials that contain residual liquids and oils, specialized balers with an added moisture extraction feature are used. One way that industrial compactors are similar to balers is that they reduce material size to make transportation more efficient.

Balers are reliable machines due to their durability and their long lifespan, enabling baler manufacturers to source them at a cost-effective price. Read More…Request for Quote

Leading Manufacturers

Maren Engineering Corporation

South Holland, IL | 800-875-1038

Harmony Enterprises, Inc.

Harmony, MN | 800-658-2320


Granby, QC | 800-565-1723

SSI Shredding Systems, Inc.

Wilsonville, OR | 503-682-3633

There are two types of baler—vertical and horizontal—to choose from in terms of structure, depending on the intended application. Both structure types get their names from the direction that the material travels through the baler. Vertical balers are loaded from the top, and the materials travel straight down through the baler.

Vertical balers are designed to receive and process loads that are lighter in volume and density, such as plastic or cardboard. When the process is complete, the materials must be unloaded manually. Vertical balers are available at a relatively low cost, and are usually more compact than their horizontal counterparts.

The second type, horizontal balers, are designed to be used continuously. They have automated feeding features but can also be fed mechanically or manually. Horizontal balers take up more floor space than vertical balers, but they are capable of processing larger loads of a larger range of materials, such as papers, plastic containers, cans, or secondary fibers. Furthermore, horizontal balers can also compact materials such as old vehicle tires or food scraps without any additional processes, as opposed to vertical balers, which may require the process of pre-shredding the materials.

Horizontal balers are used extensively in the packaging and automotive industries, where they perform removal and transportation functions. Both types of balers are electrically powered, but also contain hydraulic systems that assist in processing the material. These hydraulic systems greatly reduce the generation of heat and the overall cost of energy.

Balers are equipped with a large input area that enables it to take in large volumes of material at once. The material passes through the input area into a compression chamber where the material is squeezed and pounded into a compact state. To maintain this shape, the compressed material is then tightly bound with either wire, twine, or plastic. There are custom models of balers available that are capable of producing bales in designated sizes, although they will cost more than a standard model.

Smaller bales are much easier to transport due to being lighter and smaller in size, but the smaller the desired size of the bale, the more time the compression process will take. However, if a company requires a specific size of bale for efficient storage and transport, a custom baler model may be worth the extra cost. Industries such as retail, food service, and warehouses can benefit from customized bale sizing, enabling them to more efficiently compress boxes, excess packaging waste, and food scraps.

The automotive, grocery, and plastics manufacturing industries generally produce more waste. Therefore, the processes of baling and compacting greatly assists in recycling the material, and benefits the industries economically. The more waste is reduced, the less time, money, and effort that is required to dispose of it, which leads to more long-term financial benefits for the company. In addition, the use of compactors reduces the emission of carbon dioxide that occurs during the recycling process, thus benefiting the environment.

Over the years, recycling has become a larger focal point in a variety of industrial and manufacturing processes. Baling equipment enables companies to recycle, while at the same time reducing the company’s carbon footprint. Businesses are more able than ever to control waste management, thanks to innovations in designing composting systems. These systems can be designed around a specific type of baler.

Companies can spend less in waste disposal due to the balers’ ability to reduce storage and transportation size. For example, if scrap metal is baled to an efficient size, it can be efficiently transported to a factory where it can be recycled and reused as sheet metal. Furthermore, baling certain materials such as fibers created from newsprint can enable it be used in other industries such as the production of shoe soles.

Although balers and compactors have similar functions, there are a few notable differences. Balers and compactors are often sold together, but their functions differ in certain industries such as retail or commercial. Balers are used for the applications such as trash compacting, agriculture, and recycling. They are used mainly to compact, bind, and bale recyclable materials for the purposes of storage and transportation.

While compactors are sometimes used for similar functions, they more commonly specialize in waste disposal. While balers primarily compact and bind materials such as hay in cardboard, the main function of a compactor is to compress non-recyclable material for disposal in a way that reduces the waste management cost for the company. Materials that are processed by a compactor are usually transported to landfills, as opposed to materials handled by balers, which are typically compacted for efficiency in transportation and space.

Baler Informational Video