Bailers are machines used in the process of material compaction for the purposes of improved ease of handling, transportation, storage and/or recycling for a variety of industries. The primary function of industrial balers is to compact and bind, or “bale”, waste and recyclable materials.
Depending on the intended application of a bailer, there are two main structure types to choose from: vertical and horizontal – referring to the direction in which material flows through the machine. Vertical balers are top-loaders and tend to be used for lightweight materials and waste products. Vertical bailers are single-load machines that need to be manually unloaded, but are more compact and usually cost less than horizontal balers.
Horizontal bailers are designed for continuous process implementation and while they can be hand fed, are often installed with automated or mechanical feeding options. Bailers are usually able to accommodate high volumes of material with a large input area. The material is fed into a compression chamber where it is pounded and squeezed until it has been compacted into a bale, or another desired shape. The compact waste or recyclable material is then bound with wire, plastic or string to maintain its shape.
Bailers, such as cardboard balers and metal balers, can be manufactured to produce bales in specific sizes according to storage or transportation needs. Smaller bales are lighter and easier to transport, but the process of making smaller bales may slow down the overall compaction time. Most industrial bailers are powered by electricity and both vertical and horizontal balers use hydraulic systems to move the waste material, cutting back on energy expenditure and heat generation.
For high waste-producing industries such as automotive manufacturing, plastics manufacturing and grocery or food processing, the necessity of compacting and baling is not only for recycling purposes but also for economical benefits. Reducing the bulk of waste reduces the money and effort required to dispose of it. Furthermore, using compactors to reduce waste cuts down the carbon emissions required in recycling and further helps the environment. As recycling becomes more central to industrial and manufacturing processes, baling equipment will play a large role in assisting the process of reducing the carbon footprint of industry.
Complete turn-key recycling and composting systems can be designed around a basic bailer, allowing businesses to be environmentally responsible in their waste management. Compacting and baling waste materials reduces the storage size and transportation size of the material allowing companies to spend less in its disposal, as well as the disposal having a beneficial environmental impact, for example, baled materials can be reused in the production of new objects.
Bailer Informational Video